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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

As may b® gathered from the ahoy® narrative, it is only the twelve bam
that, as a rule, are connected with the Paur&nik legends of Krishna and Bala-
lima,, and these are all specified by name in the Mathnrd M4h6tmya. On the
other hand, the twenty-four upabana refer mainly to Radha'® adventures, and
have no ancient authority whatever. Of the entire number, only three were, till
quite recent times, places-of any note, vu., Goknl, Goba-rdhan, and B&dh&-kund,
and &eir exceptional character admits of easy explanation: Goknl, in all classi-
cal Sanskrit literature, is the same as Maha-ban, which is -included among the
l&m; Gobaxdhan is as nrach a centre of sanctity as Mathura' itself, and is only
for the saka ofnnifonmty inserted in either Jisif while E^dMrkund, as the
name denotes, is the one primary source from which the goddess derives her
modern reputation. It is now insisted that the parallelism is in all respects
complete; for, as Krishna has, four special dwelling-places, Mathnri, Mah4-ban,
Gobardhan, and Nand-ganw, so has Eadha four also in exact correspondence,
vi*., Brind4.ban, R&val/ BMM-kund, and Barsana.
The perambulation, as traced in the-foregoing sketch, is the one ordinarily
performed, and includes all the most popular shrines? but a far more elaborate
enumeration of the holy places of Braj is given in a Sanskrit work, existing
only in manuscript, entitled Vraja-bhakti-vilasa. It is of no great antiquity,
having been compiled, in the year 1553 A.D., by the Mrayan Bhatt, who has
been already mentioned.! He is said to have been a resident of Unch4-ganw near
Barsana, but he describes himself as writing at Sri-kund, t. *., Radha-ktmd. It
is divided into 13 sections extending over 108 leaves, and is professedly based
ontheParamahansa SanMta. It specifies as many as 133 bam or woods, 91 on
9 Rival ii still Included in the perambulation of Gokui, and till the .foundation of the new
temple of Lfrll Ji  at Banfafi was a nrachmiore popular place of pilgrimage than it is now.
Probably the whole ol old Efiyal ha® beea washed away by the Jaajmias and a similar fate
threatens before Img to or«rmke the present tempi® of Lirli Ji, built bj Kuah&i, Seth, in the
early part ol this century. The rif ar wall, by which, it wai protected, has already in .great
nwarare fallen. The, Fojari, Chhote L&|, has a sanad dated the 30th year ol Muhammad Shah
(l7S»A.D.)iawlilchtheVa2irKarai.ud-diii Khan awgms Bup Chandf the then Pujari* one
repe® a day ior 'hit support from the revenues of the Mahi-ban tahsil. The.r& is a garden any •
wended by a substantial wail, from the top of which there is & good, new of the City and
Cantonments of Mat&Eii, In its centre is a paYiiion with ©tons arcades in. the same style an
the temple and built by the same Setlu About one-half of the Tillage land is cut up by rarlne®
and nacaltuf&ble. • Some years ago there used to be a ferry here and a large colony of boatmen^
who were all thrown out of employ when the feny was c!os®d and a pontoon, bridge sobititmed
for the old bridge of boats between Matnura and Hansganj,
f The colophon of the Vraja-bhaktirTilisii runi at follows:—Siimad Bh£skar-£tmaja-NaifA»
ymna-Bhatta-virachite Yraja-bhaktl-Tila8e Paramaliaiisa-iaiihitod&harane
pane Yaaa-y&tm-prasange Yraja-yatra-praaangike tr&yodag^1 dhyayak.
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